Saturday, October 20, 2012

Ferrari Enzo

Ferrari Enzo
The Ferrari Enzo, a 650 horsepower super car named after its founder, was developed in 2002 using Formula One technology.With the car already using carbon fiber for its body and an elector-hydraulic F1 transmission, more innovations were even made that were not present in the F1 such as aerodynamics and active traction control. Its ultra-light, V12 engine with four valves per cylinder was a first in the new generation of Ferrari cars. Sports Car International ranked the car third on their list of top sports cars of the year 2000. Consequently, it also ranked fourth in Motor Trend Classics' Ten Greatest Ferrari's.
              Company founder Enzo Ferrari always felt that design of the road cars should stem from the racers. Therefore, it was entirely logical that the company's latest creation should bear his name.  The Enzo, built in a limited run of 399, is an outstanding expression of the concept of extreme sportiness, developed for road use, yet epitomizing the most advanced concepts of Formula 1 racing technology
Ferrari set out to develop the Enzo as an integrated system designed for extreme performance, in which even the limits of the performance achievable by the driver were enhanced, thanks to a man-machine interface typical of Formula 1.
Never before has style been derived so directly from function as in this model. Pininfarina wanted to create an uncompromising car that would break away from the approach used for the GTO, F40 and F50 that preceded it, to develop a new formal language that looked to the future. The engineers tried to create visual links with the world of Formula 1, to which the Enzo owes its technology, while highlighting its compactness and lightness. The result is a complex, sculpted form.
The use of advanced composite materials for the bodywork, with parts made of sandwich panels of carbon fiber and Nomex, allowed the designer to structure the bodyshell while keeping the weight to a minimum, and creating "extreme" stylistic forms.


The engine of the Enzo Ferrari (which is known by its project number F140) is a 12-cylinder aspirated unit in a 65° V, a cylinder capacity of 5,998 cc, with a completely new design that draws on experience gained in Formula 1, and has a number of unique technical features. The cylinder head design reveals its Formula 1 origins: the "pent roof-type" combustion chamber, with four valves per cylinder, plus inlet and exhaust ducts designed to maximize the exhaust coefficients and combustion speed.
The cylinder case is built of aluminum with press-fitted sleeves lined with nicasil, with seven main bearings, and sleeve intervals of 104 mm. The con rods are made of titanium, the piston design is new, the crankshaft is lighter and the cylinder heads have four valves with high fluid dynamic efficiency, a new structure to increase rigidity, and a different oil discharge layout.
The timing gear features four overhead camshafts, direct valve control, and hydraulic tappets. It is completely chain-driven, with central transmission on triple gearing. The timing of the inlet and exhaust manifolds is continuously variable, thanks to the intervention of four variable advances activated by the engine control unit throughout the operating range via a high pressure hydraulic system, with the goal of lowering the noise and enhancing versatility.
The lubrication sump is of the F1 wrap round type, incorporating the main bearings and a specific oil recovery circuit to increase efficiency.
The variable geometry inlet manifold is also borrowed from Formula 1, with a system of small telescopic derivation cones, combined on this V12 application, with variable timing gear with a continuously variable advance on the four camshafts and a high pressure control unit.
Electronic engine management is provided on each row of cylinders by a Bosch Motronic ME7 unit which controls the PFI multiple injection system, the drive-by-wire throttle valve, and the single coils on each spark plug. Six knock sensors mounted on the crankcase guarantee knock control.
The performance goals of the new V12 have been met in full, in order to supply a unique blend of very high power, generous torque from low speeds and versatility. In spite of the large capacity of the engine, the applications derived most directly from Ferrari's Formula 1 experience have made it possible to keep the specific power of the engine at an extremely high 110 bhp/litre.


General Info
Vehicle Type: 2 Door Coupe
Base Price: $644,000.00

Length: 185.1 in. (470 cm)
Width: 80.1 in. (203.5 cm)
Height: 45.2 in. (114.7 cm)
Wheel Base: 104.3 in. (264.9 cm)
Curb Weight: 3020 lbs (1369 kg) Maximum Seating: 2 people

Engine: 6.0L 48-valveV12 Displacement: 5988 cc
Horsepower: 660 HP Max RPM: 7800 RPM
Torque: 657 lb-ft @ 5500 rpm
Transmission: 6-Speed Manual w/ auto shift
0-60 mph: 3.65 seconds
Top Speed: 217 mph (350 km/h)

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