Sunday, December 2, 2012

Honda Civic


The Honda Civic  is a line of subcompact and subsequently compact cars made and manufactured by Honda. The Civic, along with the Accord and Prelude, comprised Honda's vehicles sold in North America until the 1990's, when the model lineup was expanded. Having gone through several generational changes, the Civic has become larger and more upmarket, and it currently slots between the Fit and Accord.
It was introduced in July 1972 as a two-door model, followed by a three-door hatchback that September. With the transverse engine mounting of its 1169 cc engine and front-wheel drive like the British Mini, the car provided good interior space despite overall small dimensions.[not in citation given] Early models of the Civic typically included a basic AM radio, heater, foam-cushioned plastic trim, two-speed wipers, and painted steel rims with a chromed wheel nut cap. As the years went by, it has become much more upscale with options such as air conditioning, power locks, power windows, leather upholstery, satellite-linked navigation, and a six-speed manual transmission. Initially gaining a reputation for being fuel-efficient, reliable, and environmentally friendly, later iterations have become known for performance and sportiness, especially the Civic Type-R, Civic GTi and Civic SiR.
The Civic has been rebadged for international markets with such models as the Honda Ballade which became the British Leyland-produced Triumph Acclaim in Britain and Honda Domani/Acura EL. The Civic platform also served as the basis for the CR-X sport compact, the CR-X del Sol targa convertible, the Honda Concerto, the first generation Honda Prelude, the Honda Civic Shuttle (later to become the Honda Orthia), and the CR-V compact SUV. Starting in 1985 until 2006, the Civic was dedicated to Japanese dealership Honda Primo, with Civic variants sold at Honda Clio, and Honda Verno locations.
As of 2006, a total of 16.5 million Civics had been sold worldwide, with 7.3 million of them in the United States. By 2012, Civic has been the top-selling car in Canada for 14 years. With high gas prices and a weak economy in June 2008, the Civic supplanted the Ford F-Series to become the top-selling vehicle in the United States for that month.
In Japan, production of non-hybrid Civic for domestic market ended in August 2010 and production of Civic hybrid for home market ended in December 2010. In recent years, customers shifted to minivans and compact cars like Honda Fit. Honda launched Fit hybrid in October in Japan. However, production of Civic and Civic hybrid for export markets will continue.


Vehicle type : Sedan
Category : Compacts Cars
Assembly : Alliston, Ontario, Canada
Generation : 9


Type : I-4 1.8 litre
Power :  140 hp @ 6,500 rpm (104 kW)
Torque : 128 lb·ft @ 4,300 rpm (174 N·m)
Induction : Atmospheric
Power to weight ratio : 11.0
Bore : 81 mm
Stroke : 87 mm
Fuel type : Regular
CO2 emissions : 2,940 kg/year
Ohter engines : None

Transmission : 5-speed manual
Drivetrain : FWD


Fuel tank : 50 l (13 gal)
Trunk : 353 l (12 ft 3)
Towing : 454 kg (1,001 lbs)
Box length : No


City : 7.2 l/100km
Highway : 5.4 l/100km
Autonomy : 694 km


Length : 4,504 mm (177?)
Width : 1,752 mm (69?)
Height : 1,435 mm (56?)
Wheelbase : 2,670 mm (105?)
Front track : 1,499 mm (59?)
Rear track : 1,522 mm (60?)
Weight : 1,190 kg (2,624 lbs)
Weight distribution front-rear : 60% - 40%


Steering : Rack and pinion, electrical variable assist
Traction control : Yes
Stability control : Yes
Seat belts : 5
Airbags : 6
Front suspension : Independent, Macpherson strut
Rear suspension : Independent, multi-link
Front brakes : Disc (ABS)
Rear brakes : Drum (ABS)
Front tires : P195/65R15
Rear tires : P195/65R15


0-100 km/h : 8.6 s
80-120 km/h : 7.1 s
Top speed : 180 km/h
Braking distance : 42.8 m

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